Tibia (Leg Surgeries)
The tibia, also known as the shinbone, is the long bone which is fractured the most commonly. This fracture takes place above the ankle, below the knee and along the length of the bone. As seen on multiple occasions, it takes a major hit to cause such a fracture. Following are the classifications of tibia fractures:
- Location (proximal, middle and distal)
- Pattern (lengthwise, middle, and the crosswise)
- If the muscle and skin over the bone is torn due to injury (open fracture)
Symptoms of a tibia fracture are:
- Inability in walking properly
- Deformity of the leg
- A protruding bone at the site of the fracture
- Loss of feeling in the foot, occasionally
A tibial revision fracture usually takes place due to a loosened or worn out implant. This procedure is also called total knee replacement revision surgery, because tibia is one of the areas covered by this surgery. The reason behind the loosening is not always apparent, but researchers suspect the root of the problem to be excessive body weight, wear of the plastic between the materials, or high-impact activities. In this surgery, imaging tests such as x-rays, MRI and CT scan are done to determine the condition of the affected area. Sometimes the report helps in finding the reason behind the pain.
The procedure involves giving the patient anaesthesia, and then conducting the surgery. The original implant is removed carefully, and then the revision implant is installed. Even skilled surgeons need expertise in this regard.