Other Joints Replacement
Shoulder replacement:An orthopaedic surgeon performs a shoulder replacement surgery, in which the natural bone placed in the ball and socket joint of the shoulder is replaced with a metal or plastic material. The surgery is a major one, and one might need to stay at the hospital for some days, which is followed by a physical therapy. Doctors advise a shoulder replacement surgery when there are signs of severe arthritis, a torn rotator cuff, or a serious injury like a broken bone.
There are three types of shoulder replacement surgeries:
- Total shoulder replacement, where the bone is replaced completely.
- Partial shoulder replacement, where the ball is the only one that is replaced.
- Reverse shoulder replacement, where a metal ball is attached to the shoulder bones and a socket is embedded at the top of the arm.
An elbow replacement surgery is less common than the hip or knee replacement, but it is equally dependable when it comes to relieving pain. In a total elbow replacement procedure, the affected area of the ulna and humerus are substituted with artificial parts. The artificial elbow joint is constructed with metal and a plastic hinge having two metal stems. The artificial parts are available in a variety of shapes and sizes, which the doctor recommends based on the requirement. Partial elbow replacements are also conducted, on the recommendation of the expert, where only a part of the affected area is treated to solve the whole problem.
In case there is painful arthritis in the wrist, and it does not respond to other forms of treatment, wrist joint replacement is an option which doctors can seriously consider. The concept behind the surgery is to remove and replace the affected area with a prosthesis. The aim of the surgery is to retain the original wrist movements without causing pain to the patient. After the surgery, a cast is worn by the patient for several weeks, post which a protective splint is required for another six to eight weeks. The surgery is known to provide almost 50% improved motion.