In case of a spinal cord injury, there occurs damage to the spinal cord which causes either temporary or permanent changes in its function. Some of the symptoms may include of loss of muscle function, sensation or the automatic function that takes place in the parts of the body which is served by the spinal cord below the level of injury. Read more
Replacement arthroplasty or joint replacement surgery, a procedure of orthopedic surgery, a kind of surgery in which an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is to be substituted with an orthopedic prosthesis. Read more
It is a surgical procedure in which all the parts or the part of the glenohumeral joint is being replaced by a prosthetic implant. This type of joint replacement surgery is conducted to relieve arthritis pain or to fix severe physical joint damage and is also an option for the treatment of severe arthritis of the shoulder joint. Generally, arthritis is a condition which affects the cartilage of the joints and as the cartilage lining wears away, there is a loss of protective lining between the bones. When this happens, generally the painful bone-on-bone arthritis develops.
Usually, severe shoulder arthritis is quite painful and can also cause restriction of motion and this may be tolerated with some medications and lifestyle adjustments, therefore, there may come a time when the surgical treatment is mandatory. A few major approaches to access the shoulder joint- first is the deltopectoral approach in which the deltoid is saved but it requires the subscapularis to be cut. The second one is the trans-deltoid approach that provides a straight on approach at the glenoid. During this approach, the deltoid is put at the risk for the potential damage.
In the traditional total shoulder arthroplasty, separation of the deltoid muscle from the pectoral muscle takes place which facilitates access to the shoulder joint through a relatively nerve free passageway. The joint is basically covered by the rotator cuff muscles and the joint capsule. A single rotator cuff muscle is identified and is cut to allow direct access to the shoulder joint. At this point, the surgeon can eradicate the arthritic portions of the joints and secure the ball and the socket prostheses within the joint.
There is an increase in the use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty with the development of safer and more effective techniques. They are typically indicated when the rotator cuff muscles are severely damaged.
The sports injuries are those injuries which usually occurs in athletic activities or exercising. The leading cause of death mainly involves sports-related injuries, one of them which is rare a brain injury. Read more