Regenerative surgeries:In regenerative surgeries, the science behind the concept is based upon tissue engineering. The aim is to generate complex tissue and organs with the help of a combination of various cells. With regenerative surgeries, the surgical treatment of diseases like cancer, cognitive malformations, and trauma can be conducted. Thanks to modern science, the day is not far when even the most complex diseases will be solved with ease.
Cartilage regeneration: The aim of cartilage regeneration is to restore the affected or damaged cartilage. Numerous techniques are involved in this procedure, but researchers are still looking for new ways. In this process, the cartilage is regrown to provide comfort to patients with osteoarthritis.
Some of the methods used to regrow cartilage are as follows:
- Debridement, in which a surgeon removes the loose cartilage arthroscopically
- Microfracture, in which the surgeon clears the diseased area arthroscopically, and them makes numerous perforations in the bone.
- Mosaicplasty, in which the surgeon removes a plug of a bone having a good amount of cartilage and transplants the same in the affected area.
- Osetochondral Allografts, in which a donor’s bone is employed for repairing the affected cartilage.
Chrondroplasty: This procedure is used for repairing a small portion of the damaged knee cartilage. Arthroscopy is used to carry out this procedure. After making small incisions, the surgeon inserts a small instrument which helps in viewing the inside of the affected area. The image is produced in a monitor, where the status of the area can be seen. Then the surgeon trims and smoothens out the rough arthritic joint surfaces.
PRP (Stem Cell) Therapy:Stem cell treatments are gaining pace with the passage of time. Because stem cells have the ability to blend with the environment, transform to any type of tissue as required, and multiply at an appreciable rate, the advocates of this surgery are growing more and more. It is believed that if the stem cells are placed beside an affected cartilage, the cells grow as cartilage tissues and help in solving the case, which is the factor around which the treatment revolves.
Stem cells are applied through injections or via the arthritis joint in the affected area. To deliver the cells accurately in the right area, physicians take help of medical imaging techniques, such as ultrasound. As of yet, a concrete guideline representing who should get the stem cell treatment has not been drafted yet. Doctors advise this surgery depending on the severity of the case and the overall health of the patient.