Spinal injury is basically a damage incurred on any part of the nerves of the spinal canal or the spinal cord. The causes are changes in the sensation, strength and bodily functions near the site of the injury. Since this injury causes a drastic change in the daily routine of a person, the effects can be mental, social, and emotional, apart from physical.
The place of the injury and its extent is crucial in deciding the healing time. Following are the signs and symptoms which identify an emergency condition:
- Numbness, loss of sensation in the fingers, toes or feet, and hands
- Weakness, paralysis, or incoordination in any body part
- Extreme pressure or pain on the neck, back, or head
- Difficulty with walking
- Loss of bowel control or bladder
- Twisted or oddly positioned back or neck
- Impaired breathing post-injury
Laminectomy is one of the most advanced surgery processes where the surgeon creates spaces by removing a certain portion of vertebral bone knows as the lamina in the spinal canal. It is one of the major spine operations. Are you feeling numbness or weakness with an immense pain in the back in your spinal cord and nerves? It may happen that the bones in the spinal canal have grown and resulted in less space for the nerves to work properly. Because it is a big surgery and has certain risks such as the spinal fluid leak, infections, and certain injury in nerves; laminectomy surgery is only recommended when all the physical therapy and medication fail to create difference as expected.
Discectomy, also known as Discectomy is an advanced surgical procedure which removes the impaired portion of the herniated disk in the spinal cord. On the other hand, a herniated disk can create compression and exasperation to the nearby nerves. By doing Discectomy surgery, the abnormal materials of the disc can be removed completely. The surgery helps to release the massive pressure on the spinal cord or in the root of the nerve. Also, surgeons only recommend this operation when all the non-surgery methods like medications don’t work and you face a much worse situation as the time goes by. It will help to clear the force created by the herniated disk to the spinal cord.
Disc-Fenestration is a spinal surgical procedure where the surgeon removes the material located in the center of the vertebral disc. This surgery is used in combination with hemilaminectomy and normal laminectomy surgeries where the correction of the herniated disc is needed. Abnormal behaviours of the herniated disc can create disc disease. The surgery includes surgeons holding immense knowledge in the spinal cord and related surgeries. The operation is very effective when it comes to lessening the chances of herniating. The main purpose or goal to conduct a Disc-Fenestration surgery is to greatly reduce the chances of herniating of the disc and other surrounded discs in the spinal cord area.
Anterior Fusion, also known as the ALIF (Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion) is a surgery where the surgeon soothes the corresponding vertebrae by decompressing the compressed nerve root or spinal cord of the cervical spine. The Surgery is very similar to the Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). The only noticeable difference between these two surgeries is that the anterior fusion surgery uses the abdomen instead the lower back to reach the spine to fuse the disk space. About three to the five-inch slit is made on the left side of the abdomen, at the same time the tissues or the muscles in the abdomen are placed on a side.
Spinal fractures can happen for many reasons. In our daily life we put on weight, we bear weight, we accidentally fall on our back, and we do not take sufficient calcium and vitamin D for our bones. These reasons can result in a broken back or in another word a spinal fracture. If you think Spinal fracture is the same as the fractures in the leg or hand then that is not the case. Spinal fractures are totally a different version of fractures than other injuries in the bone. Spinal fracture includes dislocation or fracture of the vertebra which can result in damaged and pinched spinal nerves. It also causes bone fragments.